Past Projects

  • 2013 Fund for the Environment and Urban Life, Englewood, New Jersey

    Lead writer of a policy report on lessons that can be drawn from the history of urbanization in Canada and applied to medium and large cities in the US. In association with Dr. Alan Mallach, Brookings Institution.

  • 2013 Canadian Environmental Grantmakers' Network, Toronto

    Preparation of a brief on urban sustainability and the potential role of major funders in moving the sustainability agenda forward in Canadian cities.

  • 2013 Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation, Ottawa

    Lead author for CMHC's Practices for Sustainable Neighbourhoods, a manual for developers, planning professionals and community leaders on how to create sustainable neighbourhoods. In association with Golder Associates Inc.

  • 2013 Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation, Ottawa

    Co-researcher on a study of the gap between the promise and practice of Smart Growth in Canada. Housing and planning data in six metropolitan regions are used to assess trends in development patterns over the last 25 years and to compare those to Smart Growth expectations. In association with Regionomics Inc..

  • 2012 David Suzuki Foundation, Toronto

    Author of a report on the role of the Greenbelt around Toronto in mitigating greenhouse gas emissions.

  • 2012 Lord Cultural Resources, Toronto

    Lead writer and researcher for a new exhibit on urban ecosystems and sustainability at Environment Canada's Biosphere museum in Montreal.

  • 2012 Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation, Ottawa

    Research into the self-selection bias and how it may affect the outcome of research on neighbourhood design features that contribute to sustainability. In association with Regionomics Inc.

  • 2011 Ivey Foundation, Toronto

    Author of a brief to the Ivey Foundation, a major environmental grant maker in Canada, summarizing issues related to urban sustainability.

  • 2011 Natural Resources Canada, Ottawa

    Research into the emerging profession of community energy management, describing the various types of positions in the public and private sector that are involved in community energy management and to identify training and other support needs.

  • 2011 Friends of the Greenbelt Foundation, Toronto

    Undertook a research study into the long-term threats to the viability of the Ontario Greenbelt, which was set up in 2005 to help control sprawl in the Greater Golden Horseshoe. The potential threats include sprawl and leapfrog development outside the greenbelt, aggregate extraction within the greenbelt, infrastructure building across the greenbelt, and climate change.

  • 2010 Green Roofs for Healthy Cities, Toronto

    Revised the GreenSave calculator to include additional benefits related to green roofs. The calculator allows users to compare the life cycle costs and benefits of up to three roofing scenarios.

  • 2010 Natural Resources Canada, Ottawa

    Prepared a report on a roundtable conference held by the deputy minister with senior decision makers from across the country. The roundtable focused on enhancing the use of natural gas in the heavy-duty transportation sector.

  • 2009 Natural Resources Canada, Ottawa

    Prepared reports based on four roundtable conferences with senior decision-makers, chaired by the Minister. The roundtables focused on policy directions for reducing greenhouse gas emissions in the energy sector, i.e., community energy management, renewable energy and research and development on technological innovations.

  • 2009 Transport Canada, Ottawa

    Led study on the current state of knowledge related to active transportation in Canada. The study surveys sources of quantitative information and identify gaps and inconsistencies that could be addressed by a more integrated approach. In collaboration with Geoffrey Noxon Inc.

  • 2009 Natural Resources Canada, Ottawa

    Undertook research to estimate the GHG reduction potential of community energy management. Included a sectoral analysis (transportation, buildings, industry, etc.), community-level case studies, and a review of research studies on the link between urban form and vehicle use. In association with with Sheltair Inc.

  • 2009 Natural Resources Canada, Ottawa

    Prepared a consultation document on Integrated Community Energy Solutions, designed to lead to a federal framework for reducing GHG emissions from communities across Canada. In association with with Sheltair Inc.

  • 2009 Ontario Growth Secretariat, Toronto

    Prepared an extensive literature review and analysis on the linkages between urban form, travel mode choice, and the potential for greenhouse gas mitigation.

  • 2009 Smart Growth British Columbia, Vancouver

    Prepared the third BC Sprawl Report, which focuses on walking and urban form. The study features the creation of a walkability index based on ten indicators of the neighbourhood built environment for 20 municipalities across the province. In association with Regionomics Inc.

  • 2009 Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation, Ottawa

    External Research Program study on quanitifying the benefits of green infrastructure, including property value increases, marketing, noise attenuation, water and air purification, and GHG reductions. Conducted in association with Green Roofs for Healthy Cities Inc.

  • 2008 Federation of Canadian Municipalities, Ottawa

    Lead writer of a detailed overview of sustainable community planning models and practices in Canada. In association with Marbek Consulting Inc.

  • 2008 Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation, Ottawa

    Contributor to a catalogue of the 100 best resources that can help Canadian practitioners implement sustainable community development. In association with Marbek Consulting Inc.

  • 2008 City of Calgary

    Led a study on the impact of land use decisions on housing affordability and mechanisms to achieve more affordable housing while managing growth. In association with Regionomics Inc.

  • 2008 Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation, Ottawa

    Lead researcher on a study to test New Urbanist claims related to travel and social behaviour by comparing four New Urbanist neighbourhoods across Canada with four conventionally designed neighbourhoods. Included an on-line survey of 2000 households and a GIS component. In association with Regionomics Inc.

  • 2008 Commission for Environmental Cooperation, Montreal

    Lead researcher on municipal sustainability best practices in Canada, US and Mexico.

  • 2008 Natural Resources Canada, Ottawa

    Managed data and conducted quantitative analysis on the impact of urban form on energy use in 27 archetypal neighbourhoods across seven Canadian municipalities.

  • 2008 International Joint Commission, Windsor

    Drafted a report on the impacts of urbanization on the environmental quality in the Great Lakes Basin.

  • 2008 Smart Growth British Columbia, Vancouver

    Lead researcher on a study to examine various fiscal instruments for their potential to support smart growth goals.

  • 2007 Federation of Canadian Municipalities, Ottawa

    Principal author of a report on increasing the visibility of the Affordability and Choice Today (ACT) program in Quebec. In association with Luba Serge.

  • 2007 Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation, Ottawa

    Lead researcher on a study that estimated the impact of government-imposed costs (such as property taxes and development charges) on housing prices and the demand for different types of housing in 30 Canadian cities. In association with Dr. Andrejs Skaburskis of Queen's University.

  • 2007 Green Roofs for Healthy Cities, Toronto

    Led research to develop an on-line database of all English-language research on the benefits of green roofs and a manual for municipal officials and other stakeholders interested in developing municipal policies and programs to encourage green roofs. In association with Hitesh Doshi of Ryerson University and Brad Bass of the University of Toronto.

  • 2007 Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation, Ottawa

    Case studies of transit-oriented development in urban regions across Canada.

  • 2006 Ontario Smart Growth Network, Toronto

    Lead researcher on a study of the feasibility of establishing a smart growth accreditation system in Ontario at the neighbourhood and community levels.

  • 2006 Smart Growth Canada Network, Vancouver

    Co-wrote an on-line e-course primer on Smart Growth for municipal officials and other stakeholders in urban development. In association with Gloria Venczel and Don Alexander.

  • 2006 Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation, Ottawa

    Lead researcher for a study on developing criteria and methods for evaluating subdivision plans for livability and sustainability.

  • 2006 Ontario Smart Growth Network, Toronto

    Lead researcher on a study of the feasibility of establishing a smart growth accreditation system in Ontario at the neighbourhood and community levels.

  • 2006 Urban Ecology Centre, Montreal

    Created a statistically significant profile of energy use and attitudes in an inner-city neighbourhood in Montreal through a door-to-door survey of 400 households. In association with Joshua Wolfe.

  • 2006 Canadian Environmental Grantmakers' Network, Toronto

    Researched and wrote a 20-page brief on environmental issues in urban areas to help funds develop their grantmaking strategies in this field.

  • 2006 Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation, Ottawa

    Study of six metropolitan regions in Canada to assess growth management policies and achievements on the ground over the last 15 years.

  • 2006 Pembina Institute, Toronto

    A sustainability report for 24 municipalities in Ontario, using both statistical indicators and case studies.

  • 2005 Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation, Ottawa

    A preliminary study on developing criteria and method for evaluating subdivision plans for livability and sustainability.

  • 2005 Ontario Smart Growth Network, Toronto

    A study of the feasibility of establishing a smart growth accreditation system in Ontario at the neighbourhood and community levels.

  • 2004 Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Ottawa

    A study exploring the use of indicators to assess community sustainability in Canada’s rural communities.

  • 2004 Environment Canada, Ottawa

    A study examining the degree to which air quality and greenhouse gas emissions are taken into account in land use and transportation planning within the Greater Toronto Area.

  • 2004 Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation, Toronto

    A study on retrofit opportunities for greyfield redevelopment in small and medium size Ontario cities. The study focused on 10 detailed case studies of projects that involved the redevelopment of commercial areas for housing or a mix of uses.

  • 2004 Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation, Ottawa.

    A series of three internal reports for CMHC on indicators that would allow a comparison of the sustainability of major cities in Canada.

  • 2004 Natural Resources Canada, Ottawa

    A background report prepared for the Smart Growth Canada Network conference in Ottawa. The report looked at recent progress on smart growth in Canada, barriers and what federal agencies could do to move the agenda forward.

  • 2004 Smart Growth BC, Vancouver

    A report that explores links among urban form, livability and economic variables in 24 BC municipalities, using an indicators framework.

  • 2003 Halifax Regional Municipality

    A comprehensive report to HRM on techniques for increasing the supply of affordable housing including land use, regulatory and financial measures.

  • 2003 City of Ottawa

    Advice to the City of Ottawa’s Housing Affordability Working Group, which was set up to identify mechanisms for implementing the City’s affordable housing objectives.

  • 2003 Natural Resources Canada, Ottawa

    A survey of municipal regulations affecting community energy use. The report summarized bylaws, standards, codes and guidelines that influence the design of buildings, sites, neighbourhoods and whole cities along with their transportation systems.

  • 2003 Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation, Ottawa

    12 case studies of intensification best practices from across Canada, focusing on municipal policy measures.

  • 2003 Environment Canada, Ottawa

    A study examining the degree to which land use and transportation planning in five metropolitan areas across Canada take into account air quality and climate change issues.

  • 2002 Office of Energy Research and Development, Ottawa

    A four-year research plan relating to community energy management, with proposed research topics ranging from sustainable transportation and growth management to energy from waste and district heating.

  • 2001 Smart Growth BC, Vancouver

    A report characterizing sprawl and auto-dependency in several regions in British Columbia, including a statistical summary of indicators and a number of case studies.

  • 2001 Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation, Ottawa

    A CMHC external research grant project to survey the use of quantitative indicators and targets in growth management and sustainable community development.

  • 2001 Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation, Ottawa

    A guidebook for municipalities to use in developing an affordable housing strategy. The work involves intensive consultation with the municipal sector and a world-wide review of municipal housing strategies.

  • 2000 University of Waterloo, Waterloo

    A report that assessed progress in the Vancouver region towards more compact and transit-oriented growth.

  • 2000 Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation, Ottawa

    The role of municipalities in increasing the supply of low-cost housing. Municipal instruments investigated included inclusionary zoning, performance-based planning, development charges, and alternative development standards.

  • 2000 Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation, Ottawa

    A greenhouse gas emissions calculator for Canadian households.

  • 1999 Ontario Environment Network, Guelph

    A policy paper on sustainable community development and transportation for the OEN’s Green Action Plan.

  • 1999 Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation, Ottawa

    A study to explore the barriers to sustainable real estate development and measures that the federal government could undertake to help stimulate innovative forms of development in the Canadian real estate industry.

  • 1999 Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation, Ottawa

    An exploration of the impact of development charges on urban form. The study includes a survey of developers across the country and detailed case studies of particular municipalities.

  • 1998 Pollution Probe, Toronto

    A comprehensive survey of energy policy and policy-making agencies in the US and Canada.

  • 1998 Federation of Canadian Municipalities, Ottawa

    Two guides for municipal officials on reducing greenhouse gas emissions: one on methane recovery from landfill sites and the other on transportation-related matters.

  • 1997 School of Urban and Regional Planning, Queen’s University

    Post-Doctoral Research Fellowship on how municipal financial instruments (property taxes and development charges) influence urban form and environmental variables. Research conducted with Dr. A. Skaburskis of Queen’s University.

  • 1996 Intergovernmental Committee on Urban and Regional Research, Toronto

    Report on growth management and intensification in the Vancouver, Toronto, and Montreal regions.

  • 1994 Intergovernmental Committee on Urban and Regional Research, Toronto

    A national survey of ecosystem-based planning initiatives at the local level. The report refined the model of ecosystem planning in urban regions.

  • 1993 Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation, Ottawa

    Report on residential intensification in Canada, conducted with Dr. E. Isin of York University. Research involved a survey of 1,000 municipalities in 140 urbanized areas in order to determine where and how intensification was occurring in Canada.

  • 1993 Canadian Environmental Assessment Research Council, Ottawa

    Graduate student research contract. Research evaluating the importance of urban form in attaining sustainable urban development. The report proposed an ecosystem planning model for urban regions.

  • 1992 Institute for Research on Environment and Economy, University of Ottawa

    Identified and documented 350 case studies for a report on sustainable urban development in Canada.

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